Urban development and industry
 San Roque suburb: urban development by industrial society

La población es agradable y de buen aspecto. Sus casas, bien construidas, espaciosas y limpias. Las calles, sin pavimento, tortuosas y algunas desniveladas.
Sarthou, C. (1913): General Geography of the Kingdom of Valencia: Province of Castellón.


In the area occupied since 1983 by the Town Hall building and square of the same name, there used to be a pond, called Bassa de la Vila, fed by the main irrigation channel with water from a reservoir a few kilometres further up, close to the hamlet of La Foia. As well as being used for irrigation purposes and as a public washing place, Bassa de la Vila also supplied water to some 18th and 19th century potteries, located close to Plaça de Sant Roc and Calle Arzobispo Gasch.

The first factories in the 20th century (La Progresiva, La Esmeralda, Gaya, La Paloma, Sanchis, and Gómez) were built to the south of the town, conditioning Alcora’s growth in the same direction, with the creation of new working class neighbourhoods, mainly as from 1960.

In the final decades of the 20th century, some of these factories closed and others moved to bigger, better equipped industrial estates. The plots on which they stood were transformed into urban development land, and they accounted for most of Alcora’s growth during that period.


La Progresiva

In 1903, Salvador Cotanda Álvaro founded Alcora’s first ceramic tile factory in Calle Arzobispo Gasch, called La Progresiva. Shortly afterwards, his widow, Rosario Aguilella, took over the company. The factory also had a section that specialized in crockery. La Progresiva was housed in a magnificent building, with a façade crowned by two towers. The building was demolished in the early 1990s.

Portal de Piquera:
Another distinctive feature of this area is Portal de Piquera, a gateway. This does not form part of Alcora’s medieval defensive walls. Instead, it was built in 1756 when two houses that faced one another were joined, with the obligation to leave enough space to pass any load of wheat, wood for kilns and pots and any other of a single vagage, always keeping it in its same state. This quote indicates the existence of pottery activity in the vicinity.
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